The mathematical miracle of the Quran. Another Look
By Mabrook Ismaeel
A miracle is defined as a wonderful event or a happening that is contrary to the known laws of nature. In other words a miracle cannot be explained by any known law of nature.
In our day there are no miracles. What people refer to as miracles are in fact obscure natural phenomena, or everyday events that the juxtaposition of circumstances made look like miracles. The modern mind, given the materialism of our age, rejects even the concept that anything cannot be explained in terms of natural law. To the modern mind, a miracle is merely an event within the bounds of the laws of nature but which has not yet been understood or explained.
The foregoing not withstanding, we hasten to assert that a miracle does exist and can be easily demonstrated. This miracle exists in the form of the Quran. The Quran is miraculous in all its aspects. Its language, its wisdom, its accurate view of life and events and its perspicacity in the guidance it imparts to the sincere seeker are all miracles indeed, but these miracles are difficult to prove and may be viewed as being subjective.
The miracle of the Quran resides in the very structure of its text, in its orthographic and numerical arrangement.
Chapter 74, Al-Muddathir, verses 30 to 37, says ;
(30)Dominated by Nineteen.
(31)We did not appoint except angels as the guardians of Hell and We did not designate their number except as a test for the disbelievers, to bring certainty to those who were given the Book, to cause the faith of those who believe to increase and so those who were given the Book and the believers shall not doubt and so that those who have disease in their hearts shall say 'what did God mean by this allegory?' Thus does God lead astray whomsoever so wishes and leads aright whomsoever so wishes and none knows the soldiers of your Lord except He. This is a reminder to mankind.
(32)No! By the moon,
(33)And the night as recedes
(34)And the morn as it shines
(35)It is indeed one of the great (miracles)
(36)A warning to mankind
(37)For any of you who wishes to advance or regress."
These verses tell us that the number Nineteen was designated by God to prove that the Quran is from God and that, as the instrument of authentication, it is a great miracle.
We shall, God willing, demonstrate, very briefly, the miracle of the Quran.
We will only be able to barely skim the surface. This is God's miracle and
cannot be encompassed by the entire human race and the jinn combined.
The Simple Facts.
The Quran consists of 114 chapters 114=19*6
The first chapter of the Quran is Al-Fatihah and its first
verse is the "Basmallah", written in Quranic Arabic as follows: BiSM ALLaH AL-RaHMaN AL-RaHYM. It consists of nineteen alphabetic letters. 19=19*1
The "Basmallah " consists of four words: the first, BiSM - its root is ISM
- and the word ISM occurs in the entire text of the Quran 19 times 19=19*1
The second word in the "Basmallah" is ALLaH, it occurs in the entire text of the Quran 2698 times 2698=19*142
The third word AL-RaHMaN occurs 57 times 57=19*3
The fourth word AL-RaHYM occurs 114 times 114=19*6
The occurence of all the words of the "Basmallah" in multiples of nineteen demonstrates that it cannot be the product of chance alone. The probability against this being chance alone may be calculated as 1 in 19*19*19*19 or 130231 since each word is assumed to have a 1:19 chance of occurring 19 times or a multiple thereof.
The number of verses in the Quran is 6346=19*334; also the digits of the number 6346 when added laterally total 19, i.e. 6+3+4+6=19.
There are 29 initialled chapters in the Quran, that is chapters with alphabetic letters in the first verse thereof. The letters are in combinations of one to five letters and come from a pool of 14 letters.
The letters heading the initialled chapters, such as the A, the L and the
M, in chapter 2 when counted in the text of the chapter and added together
will give a total divisible by 19. This is true of all 29 initialled chapters
in the Quran.
The significance of this is twofold. First, it demonstrates that the text of the Quran has not been tampered with; any changes to the text would cause the entire delicate system to collapse. Second, it demonstrates that the Quran is of divine origin since it is impossible to deliberately compose It in this manner. Words have specific meanings and can only be manipulated to a minor extent. Unless one is prepared to tack words with the designated letters, regardless of their meaning, together to get the number of letters required, it is impossible to deliberately compose the text to end up with the requisite number of letters and still retain a lucid meaning. An attempt to compose any text to contain a designated number of letters, the sum of which is a multiple of any specific number, will quickly demonstrate its impossibility.
The first revelation of the Quran was the first five verses of chapter 96, Al-'Alaq. These five verses consist of 19 words and 76 letters. 76=19*4
Chapter 96 is the 19th counting from the end of the Quran.
Chapter 96 consists of 19 verses and 304 letters. 304=19*16
Chapter 9, Bara'ah, is the only chapter in the Quran that is not preceded by the "Basmallah". This would make the number of "Basmallah" in the Quran 113. If one counts 19 chapters, beginning with chapter 9, one arrives at chapter 27 An-Naml; this chapter has 2 "Basmallah", one, un-numbered, at the head, and the other in verse 30, thus making the number 114 to match the number of chapters in the Quran. 114=19*6
The last revelation in the Quran, chapter 110, An-Nassr, consists of 19 words; its first verse is 19 letters.
Between the first initialled chapter, chapter 2, Al-Baqarah, and the last initialled chapter, chapter 68, Al-Qalam, there are 38 uninitialled chapters. 38=19*2
The first initialled chapter is 2 and the last is 68. If the 67 chapters are grouped into alternating initialled and uninitialled chapters they will be found to be 19 with the first group consisting of chapters 2 and 3, and the last group being chapter 68.
The ordained prayers (salat) are five, daybreak, noon, afternoon, evening and night. The number of genuflections (rak'ah) for each is, respectively, 2, 4, 4, 3, and 4. If these numbers are set side by side we get 24434. This is a multiple of 19. 24434=19*1286
The foregoing is a far from comprehensive list of simple facts demonstrating
the miracle of the Quran. Although this evidence is more than enough to
demonstrate, statistically, that the Quran cannot possibly be the work of
man, not least because it was revealed over a period of only twenty three
years, there is much vastly more complex evidence to establish the authenticity
of the Quran and prove that It is
the very word of God.
The Less Simple Facts.
We have seen earlier that the "Basmallah" consists of four words; each word
occurs a number of times that is a multiple of 19, specifically, 19*1; 19*142;
19*3 and 19*6. If we add the coeficients 1+142+3+6 we get 152=19*8. There
is a special relationship between these two numbers, 19 and 8; 8 is the index
of 19 in prime number theory. It is significant that these two numbers are
the only ones occuring undefined in the Quran. Nineteen occurs at 74:30 and
eight occurs at 69:17. Adding the chapter and verse numbers together we get:
74+30+69+17 = 190 = 19*10.
We stated above that there are 29 initialed chapters in the Quran and that the initials heading the individual chapter, when counted and added together, as the case may be, will always give a total divisible by 19. Though this is true, it requires further clarification. There is a block of seven chapters, 40 through 46, which were revealed together and all of them are prefixed by the letters Hha, Meem. These chapters must be taken together as a block to give a total divisible by 19. However, chapter 42, Ash-Shura, is prefixed with five letters: Hha, Meem, 'Ayin, Seen and Qaf. The Hha and the Meem form verse 1 while the 'Ayin, the Seen and the Qaf form verse 2. This is significant in view of the fact that the Hha and the Meem in all seven chapters must be added together to give a number divisible by 19. God has separated them for us. The 'Ayin, the Seen and the Qaf in chapter 42 add up to a multiple of 19.
The initial Ssaad occurs in three chapters, 7, 19 and 38 as follows:
Rank Name Saads Verses Rank+Verse
7 Al-A'raaf 97 206 213
19 Mariyam 26 98 117
38 Saad 29 88 126
152 =19*8 456 =19*24
Thus though the Ssaads in the chapters which include Ssaad in their initials do not add up to a multiple of 19 in the individual cases but, as shown above, they must all be added together to get the multiple, and in order to be assured that that is the right procedure we find that if we add the ranking to the number of verses of all the three Ssaad chapters we get, also, a multiple of 19.
If we look at chapter 1, Al-Fatihah, we find the following facts:
Rank: 1; Number of verses: 7; Number of words: 29; Number of letters: 139. Please consider the following: Placing the first three numbers side by side we get: 1 7 29. This number, 1729=19*91 also, when the digits are added laterally we get 1+7+2+9=19.
We mentioned earlier that chapter 9, Bara'ah, is the only chapter that does
not open with the 'Basmallah' and that the missing 'Basmallah' is to be found
in chapter 27, An-Naml at verse 30. If we start with chapter 9 and simply
add the ranking of the following 18 chapters thus:
9+10+11+12+....+26+27, we get a sum of 342=19*18. But what is more astonishing is that if we count 342 words, starting with the first word of the first verse of chapter 27, we arrive at the missing 'Basmallah'. This cannot be coincidence, but for good measure, the number 30 is the 19th composite (divisible) number.
As mentioned above in the simple facts, there are 67 chapters inclusive between the first and last initialled chapters; 67 is the 19th prime (non-divisible)number.
The Arabic letter Qaf, Q, is the first letter of the word "Quran" and is taken to represent the Quran as indicated in the opening verse of chapter 50, Qaf. It prefixes two chapters, 50, Qaf, and 42, Ash-Shura; note the following:
Rank Name Qafs Verses Rank+Verse
42 Ash-Shura 57 53 95
50 Qaf 57 45 95
Note that 114=19*6 and is the number of chapters in the Quran.
The "Basmallah" is the opening verse of all the chapters in the Quran except chapter 9. In chapter 1 it has the number
1. In all the others it has no number; chapter 27, An-Naml, has two "Basmallah",
the opening one has no number, but the
second one, the one missing from chapter 9, has a number, 30. Thus there are 2 numbered "Basmallah" and 112 unnumbered ones in the whole Quran. This fact too is not coincidence; it is by divine arrangement. If we assign 0, (zero) to the unnumbered 'Basmallah' the actual number to the numbered ones and compose a number by simply placing the value of the 'Basmallah' in the chapter to the right of its ranking in the Quran, we get the following:
Rank Name Verse No. Comp No.
1 Al-Fatihah 1 11
2 Al-Baqarah 0 20
3 Ali-'Imran 0 30
8 Al-Anfaal 0 80
9 Bara'ah - -
10 Yunus 0 100
27 An-Naml 0 270
27 An-Naml 30 2730
28 Al-Qassas 0 280
114 An-Naas 0 1140
The foregoing is not fantasy; it can be verified by anyone willing to take the time and make the effort, but.......IT CANNOT BE DUPLICATED, nor, for that matter, can it be explained except as put forth in the Quran.
The explanation of this miracle is as given in the Quran; its purpose is to prove to the human race that this Quran is of divine origin. God's mercy encompasses all things and this miracle is no different. God, as a mercy, proves to us that His guidance is the truth and yet we fail to believe and accept it as such and insist on seeking guidance outside of It. We should not be surprised, on the Day of Judgment, when we finally have no alternative but to admit that It is indeed the truth and that God never breaks His word. But then it will be too late.
The foregoing is awesome and humbling in its magnitude, but is only a minute
fraction of the miracle God refers to at chapter 74, Al-Muddathir, verse
35, as one of the great miracles. "It is indeed one of the great miracles."
Several submitters researching the numerical structure of the Quran from
the aspect of the theory of numbers and prime numbers - which we barely touched
upon earlier - have made discoveries which, we are told, are scientifically
incontrovertible and which cannot be dismissed as mere manipulations since
the researcher has no idea where the numbers will take him and since the
number of variables is large, manipulation quickly disappears as a possible
explanation of the results.
O you who have eyes to see with and minds to think with, take heed! For on that Day no excuse shall be accepted. God has made the truth abundantly manifest and the choice free.
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