Mary And Jesus (pbuh) in the Quran
- Mary's Birth
- Mary's Upbringing
- Mary receives a visit
- The Miracle
- Jesus: His first miracle (from Quran and from Bible).
- Jesus: Miracles and His Preaching.
- The Table Spread.
- The Evil Plot.
When naming the best woman who
ever lived, Mohammed named Mary (Maryam in Arabic), the mother of
Jesus, as the best woman to ever live.
"When the wife of Imran said:
'O my Lord! I have vowed to You what is in my womb [my child] to be dedicated to Your services, so accept this [my vow] from me. Verily, All-Hearer, the All-Knowing.' Then we she delivered her she said:
'O my Lord! I have delivered a female child' - and Allah knew better what she delivered - 'And the male is not like the female, and I have named her Maryam and I seek refuge with You for her and for her offspring from Satan, the outcast.' " (Quran 3:35-36)
The wife of Imran, and mother of Mary, out of her devotion to God vowed to dedicate the child in her womb to the sacred service of God and asked God to accept her vow. Her hopes were in a male child who will be brought up to service the places of worship and be dedicated to serve God. Delivering a female child, she realized that things did not go according to her plan, but decided to fulfill her vow, and Maryam was the name of the child. And she made a prayer for her newly born asking God to protect her and her offspring from Satan. The verses following described the response of God to the vow and to the prayer of the mother:
"So her Lord
accepted her [Maryam] with good acceptance." (Quran 3:37).
3:37 continue ..
"So her Lord accepted her with good acceptance. He made her grow in a good manner and put her under the care of Zachariya. Every time he entered Al-Mihrab (the praying place) to visit her, he found her supplied with sustenance [food]. He said:
From where have you got this?' She said:
'This is from Allah. Verily, Allah provides sustenance who He wills, without limit.' "
So Mary was accepted by God, and was brought up in a good manner after she was put under the care of Zachary. Through her devotion and righteous upbringing and the prayer from her mother, Mary became the best woman to ever live as depicted in the Quran in the verses 3:42:
(remember) when the angels said: 'O Maryam (Mary)! Verily, Allah
(God) has chosen you, purified you (from polytheism and disbelief), and
chosen you above the women of the world (of her lifetime).' "
In the19th chapter of the Quran (which is called Maryam) Mary receives a visitor from God:
"And mention in the Book, Maryam [i.e. mention, O Mohammed, in the Quran the story of Mary], when she withdrew from her family to a place facing east. She placed a screen from them; then We sent to her our angel (Jibrael, or Gabriel), and he appeared before her in the form of a man in full human form. She said:
'I seek refuge with The Most Beneficent [God] from you, if you do fear Him.' (The angel) said:
'I am only a Messenger from your Lord, (to announce) to you the gift of a righteous son.' She said:
'How can I have a son, when no man has touched me, nor am I unchaste?' He (the angel) said:
'So (it will be), your Lord said: 'That is easy for Me: And to appoint him as a sign to mankind and a mercy from Us (from God)', and it is a matter (already) decreed (by God).' " (Quran 19:16-21)
In these verses, it is described
how the pious virgin Mary is visited by angel Gabriel, who appears before
her in a form of a man. Not knowing who he is, she fears for herself, but he
asserts to her that he is an angel, a Messenger from her Lord, and announces
to her news of her miraculous conception of a son. In shock, she questions,
affirming her chastity. The angel answers that such a conception, though
miraculous, is easy for The Lord, all He needs to say is "Be." and it is.
And that these are matters decreed by Him, for greater purposes and to the
benefit of mankind.
And then, miraculously, Mary becomes pregnant. The emotional story of her pregnancy follows:
"So she conceived him, and she withdrew with him to a far place . And the pains of childbirth drove her to the trunk of a date-palm. She said:
'Would that I had died before this, and had been forgotten and out of sight!' Then a call unto her from bellow, said:
'Grieve not! Your Lord has provided a water stream under you; And shake the trunk of the date-palm towards you, it will let fall fresh ripe dates upon you. So eat and drink and be glad, and if you see any human being, say:
'Verily! I have vowed a fast unto the Most Beneficent so I shall not speak to any human being this day.' " (Quran 19:22-26)
From these versus one mentally pictures Mary, driven out of town, out of sight to Bethlehem valley 4-6 miles from Jerusalem, in the pain of labor, and in fear of what is going to happen to her. It is her first child, she has no husband. What will her people, the Jews, say? What will they do? How will she react? With all that, she wishes that she was dead, but the God who gave her the miracle, the God to Whom she worshipped, to Whom she devoted her life, did not forsake her. A voice came from beneath her, soothing and comforting her, and guiding her. And when she gave birth, the voice instructed her not to speak or explain, but make a vow of silence and everything will workout.
"Then she brought him (the baby) to her people, carrying him. They said:
'O Maryam! Indeed you have brought a thing which is greatly evil! O sister of Haron (i.e. O you who we consider the like of Haron, who was a pious man at the time of Mary)! Your father was not a bad man (adulterous), nor was your mother an unchaste woman.' Then she pointed to him (to the baby). They said:
'How can we talk to one who is a child, in the cradle?' " (Quran 19:27-29)
Mary gives birth to the child, and takes him back to her village. And there Mary meets the Jews. Upon seeing her with her baby, they are struck. In their eyes, she has done a heinous crime. Their argument was: 'How could you do something so evil! We always considered you a model person of piety, and you come from a pious family -- known and respected!'. But Mary obeys the commands of her Lord. She is quiet and points to the baby.
After the questioning and accusations of the Jews (read the earlier section), Mary in obedience to her Lord, spoke nothing and pointed to the baby. The crowd was outraged. They proclaimed: 'What kind of an answer is this! You turn to your child in your defense?!' And they were right. Under normal circumstances and in usual situations this is not a proper behavior of a sane person. But the circumstances were not normal, and the situation was far from usual. It is then that the miracle happened.
'How can we talk to one who is a child, in the cradle?' He (The baby) said:
'I am a slave of Allah [i.e. created by God and belong to Him], He has given me the Scriptures and made me a Prophet; And He has made me blessed wheresoever I be, and enjoined on me Salat (prayer), and Zakat (giving alms to the poor) as long as I live. And dutiful to my mother (i.e. made me kind and good to my mother) and made me not arrogant, unblest. And peace be upon me the day I was born, and the day I shall be raised alive (i.e. on The Day of Judgment and Resurrection)!' "(Quran 19:29-33)
And this was the first miracle
of Jesus son of Mary. Only a baby, he talked to the Jews, asserting his
subjugation to his Lord, and describing that this miracle - his talking
- is a sign from their Lord - a sign of his prophet hood. He told them
of the Scriptures to be given to him from God, and told them that he was
ordered to pray and be kind to the poor as long as he lived. He told
them that he was blessed by God, and was kind and respectful to his
great mother, not arrogant. And that peace is upon him the day his was
born, and peace will be upon him the day he will be resurrected on The
Day of Judgment and Resurrection, when every person is going to be
resurrected and Judged by God according to his/her deeds.
In contrast, the Bible presents the first miracle performed by Jesus in John:20. He was over 30 years of age when he turned water into wine:
"And the third day there was a marriage in Cana of Galilee; and the mother of Jesus was there: And both Jesus was called, and his disciples, to the marriage. And when they wanted wine, the mother of Jesus saith unto him, they have no wine. Jesus saith unto her,
'Woman, what have I to do with thee? mine hour is not yet come.'
mother saith unto the servants, Whatsoever he saith unto you, do it. And
there were set there six water pots of stone, after the manner of the
purifying of the Jews, containing two or three firkins apiece. Jesus
saith unto them, Fill the water pots with water. And they filled them up
to the brim. And he saith unto them, Draw out now, and bear unto the
governor of the feast. And they bare it. When the ruler of the feast had
tasted the water that was made wine, and knew not whence it was: (but
the servants which drew the water knew;) the governor of the feast
called the bridegroom, And saith unto him, Every man at the beginning
doth set forth good wine; and when men have well drunk, then that which
is worse: but thou hast kept the good wine until now." (John 2:110)
The life of Jesus son of Mary was full of miracles. To this the Quran states:
"He will speak to the people in the cradle and in manhood, and he will be one of the righteous ... And He (God) will teach him (Jesus) the Book and the wisdom (of the prophets) and the Torah and the Injeel (name of Scriptures). And will make him a Messenger to the Children of Israel (saying):
come to you with a sign from your Lord, that I design for you of clay,
as it were, a figure of a bird and breathe into it, and it becomes a
bird by Allah's Leave (with God's Permission); and that I heal him who
is born blind, and the leper, and I bring to life, the dead by Allah's
Leave (with God's Permission). And I inform you of what you eat, and
what you store in your houses. Surely, this is a sign for you, if you
believe." (Quran 3:46,48-49)
Like all the Prophets, Jesus was given miracles as signs and support from God to his divine inspiration. With that inspiration he preached:
have come confirming that which was before me of the Torah, and to make
lawful to you part of what was forbidden to you, and I have come with
proof from your Lord. So fear Allah (God) and obey me. Truly! Allah
(God) is my Lord and yours, so worship Him (Alone). This is the Straight
Path.' " (Quran 3:50-51).
Despite all the signs from God and preaching, Jesus found resistance among the Jews. But some became dedicated disciples:
"And when I (God) put in the hearts of the disciples to believe in Me and My Messenger (Jesus), they said:
'We believe. And bear witness that we are Muslims (Muslims means submitters to God in peace and obedience, see meaning of Islam). When the disciples said:
'O I'esa (Jesus) son of Maryam! Can your Lord send down to us a table spread (with foods) from the heavens?' He (Jesus) said:
'Fear Allah (God) if you are indeed believers (i.e. dot ask for more miracles if you truly believe).' They said:
'We wish to eat thereof and to be stronger in Faith, and to know that you have indeed told us the truth and that we ourselves be its witnesses.' I'esa (Jesus) son of Maryam said:
'O Allah, our Lord! Send us from heaven a table spread that will be an Eid (a festival and celebration) to the first and last of us and a sign from You; and provide us sustenance, for You are the Best of sustainers.' " (Quran 3:111-114).
And God answered his request
and sent down the table spread of food, another sign from Him.
Unhappy with his preaching, the disbelieves from among the Jews conspired an evil plot: to suppress the voice of truth, to assassinate the great teacher, to murder the wise preacher.
"And they (the disbelieves) plotted [to kill Jesus] and Allah planned too. And Allah is the Best of planners. When Allah said:
'O I'esa (Jesus)! I will take you and raise you to my Myself and clear you of those who disbelieve, and I will make those who follow you (your teachings) superior to those who disbelieve until the Day of Resurrection. Then to Me shall be your return, and I will judge between you in the matters in which you used to dispute.'" (Quran 3:54-55).
God saved him and raised
him to the heavens so that the conspirators did not succeed.
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