Qurbaani is waajib on every Muslim who is of sound mind, mature (who has reached the age of puberty), Muqeem (i.e. he is not a shar'ee traveler) and possesses the amount of fifty two and half tolas of silver (i.e. 612,36 grams) or wealth equivalent to that value which is in excess of one's aslee (basic) needs.
- It is an important ibaadah (worship), and is from among the Sha'aair (symbols) of Islaam. It is not a custom of 'Eid or a source of merry-making and gaiety; but it is a shar'ee (religious) command to renew the commemoration of the Sunnah of Ibraaheem alayhis Salaam and create the spirit and desire of selflessness and sacrifice.
If one has been favoured by Allah with wealth, then he should also perform Qurbaani on behalf of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam, his Sahaabah, his Ummah, the prophets and for his own living or deceased relatives, fiends and teachers who have conveyed Deeni knowledge during one's lifetime.
Qurbani is an Islamic prescription for the affluent to share their good fortune with the needy in the community. On the occasion of Eid ul Adhaa, affluent Muslims all over the world perform the Sunnah of Prophet Ibrahim (PBU), by sacrificing a goat or sheep.
The Qurbaani has been made waajib (incumbent) upon the whole Ummah and not only upon the pilgrims. Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam, the Sahaabah radhiyallahu anhum, Taabi'een and the whole of the Ummah all over have kept up this waajib steadfastly through all ages. It is a command of Allah to all, be they in Makkah, Madinah or any other part of the globe.
Although Qurbaani had been ordained an ibaadah from the time of Adam alayhis Salaam, special importance was attached to it only after an incident which took place with Ibraaheem alayhis salaam, and consequently it was made waajib (incumbent) in the Sharee'ah of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam in his memory.
It is permissible to eat the Qurbaani meat. It can also be distributed to relatives and friends whether wealthy or poor, Muslims or non-Muslims. It is better to divide it into three parts. One for the family, one for relatives and friends and one for the poor and needy.
Aaishah radhiyallahu anhaa narrates that Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam said: "There is nothing dearer to Allah during the days of Qurbaani than the sacrificing of animals. The sacrificed animal shall come on the Day of Judgement with its horns, hair, and hooves (to be weighed). The sacrifice is accepted by Allah before the blood reaches the ground. Therefore sacrifice with an open and happy heart."