by ABDULLAH ARIK
This discussion would be unprofitable if it did
not lead us to appreciate
the wisdom of our Creator, and the wondrous knowledge of the Author
of the world, who in the beginning created the world out of nothing and
set everything in number, measure and weight, and then in time and age
of man formulated a science which reveals fresh wonders the more we
study it. Hrovista of Gandersheim (980 AD)
All of us, at one time or another, have been compelled to contemplate creation. Questions such as the purpose of our lives and the existence of God, have been pondered upon from time immemorial. There have always been those who choose to interpret the harmony and order of the cosmos as a fluke of nature, but a closer look gives clear evidence of a design, and thus a designer. The discoveries being made on all frontiers are making this picture clearer by the day.
Most contemporary scientists are agnostics. If they profess a religious belief, they keep their science and their religion in totally separate compartments of their lives. The conventional scientific view considers mathematics as the foremost example of a field where reason is supreme, where emotions do not enter, where we know with certainty, and know that we know; where the truths of today are truths forever. This view considers religion, by contrast, a realm of pure belief unaffected by reason. Therefore, in the view of the scientist, all religions are equal because all have been equally incapable of verification or justification.
For any subject to be a proven fact, be it a law of physics or the Ten Commandments from the Torah, proof needs to be given. Proof basically means that a statement is true beyond a shadow of a doubt. It is validation and certification. It is the seal of authority, the mathematical power, the electric voltage, that vitalizes the static assertion about any subject. Proof is thus a celebration of the power of pure reason.
Proof is a procedure by which a proposition about the unseen reality can be established with finality by a process of deduction and conclusion, and thus be made acceptable by all. Since a mathematical question will have only one definite answer, then different mathematicians, using different methods, working in different centuries and places will arrive at the same answer. Thus a mathematicalproof is unaffected by time or space.
Galileo stated that mathematics is the language in which God wrote the universe. This is now a demonstrated fact. The universe expresses itself naturally in the language of mathematics. The force of gravity diminishes as the second power of distance, the planets move around the sun in ellipses, etc. Mathematics is thus a symbolic counterpart of the universe. It is the science of quantity and space, of pattern and structure. It is the methodology wherein hypothesis leads to conclusion.
Mathematics provides irrefutable proof about the subject under consideration. It forms the very structure of the world, containing truths that are valid forever. Mathematics forms an integral part of all sciences, for example, medicine, astronomy, physics, engineering, sociology and Psychology.
Mathematics is a science of the infinite. Its goal is the symbolic comprehension of the infinite with human, that is finite, means. It now elaborates a theology which declares the nature of God and the relationship of God and man.
This is the age of science and reason. It is impossible for an intelligent person to accept the existence of God or the divine origin of any religion on blind faith. We need proof from God Himself, and if He is really what He tells us He is, namely omniscient and omnipotent, He should be able to give us ample proof.
The only scripture which is still preserved in its entirety and in its original language is the Final Testament. It is a fact that the original Torah of the prophets of Israel is lost, and we do not have the Gospel of Jesus but that of his followers, nor do we have the original scriptures of the Hindus or the Buddhists. What we have now are the writings of humans who profess to know the original scripture.
The Final Testament was entered into the computer in the 1970's. A unique phenomenon was discovered which has never been found in any other book. Irrefutable evidence has since emerged that the original language of the revelation was written in a way which conforms to a complex mathematical pattern. As research has continued it has been found that every element of the book is mathematically composed -- the chapters, the verses, the words, the numbers of certain letters, the number and variety of divine names, the unique spelling of certain words, and many other elements. Because of this comprehensive mathematical coding, the slightest distortion of the Quran's text or physical arrangement is immediately exposed. The mathematical composition leaves no doubt as to its divine origin. Numbers do not lie. In this volume, Abdullah Arik has presented as complete a picture of this code as is possible at this point. New parameters continue to be discovered at a breath taking rate.
Mr. Arik is particularly well qualified for this task. His contributions to this research have been surpassed only by the man who originally discovered the code in the 1970's, Dr. Rashad Khalifa. Dr. Khalifa was prepared for the initial scientific research that led to the discovery of this code by his rigorous training as a PhD biochemist. Mr. Arik's background, as an engineering consultant in geostatistics, mining and computer applications, has given him the knowledge and scientific curiosity to objectively investigate the code further. His investigation, along with that of others, has yielded stunning results.
Mathematics, the science of the infinite, has thus unveiled one of the greatest miracles known to mankind thus providing the ultimate proof beyond a shadow of a doubt about the existence of the one God and His final message to humanity.
Shakira Karipineni, MD.
Mathematics is the language in which God wrote the universe.
Galileo (1564-1642 AD)
At some point in their lives everyone capable of thinking is bound to ponder about the creation of themselves, of everything they see around them, and the existence of a creator. It is natural for people to ponder upon their origins and the purpose of their existence. For some,explanations provided to them by the religion they were born into are sufficient, while others might be satisficd with the theory that life evolved on the planet because of its particular circumstances. However, many people, including those who believe in religious doctrines or scientific theories, are doubtful, perhaps subconsciously, of the explanations provided to them. Although they entertain many unanswered questions in their minds, the majority of these people follow the crowd - suppressing their doubts and questions. Only a minority actively searches for the truth and tries to find answers to these age-old questions.
For many people the order, harmony and the perfect design of the things around them make it impossible to believe in the theory of evolution without a designer. Thus, they feel like Professor Edwin Conklin who once said "The probability of life originating from an accident is comparable to the probability of the Unabridged Dictionary resulting from an explosion in a printing factory." Yet, when these people turn to religion, they realize that most of their questions are unanswered. Besides, there are so many different religious faiths, each preaching theirs to be the right way. This makes the choice extremely difficult. Today all religions are nothing but various sets of traditions, rather than facts since they have lost their original message with time. Such corruption in religion has been caused by human ego and inventions that eventually distorted the truth for political and economic gain. Because of this, people who want to turn to the basics of religion are considered out of line with society.
Many of us feel that the questions in our minds about the existence of God would be resolved if we witnessed a miracle from God, similar to the ones performed by Moses or Jesus that we read about in the scriptures. We may also think that it is not really fair to our generation that God does not send down miracles any more. Yet, let us be serious. With all the scientific and technological advancements that we have today, who would believe in the ancient type of miracles such as healing the sick, or reviving the dead? It would be more logical for God to send down a miracle that is more compatible for the minds and the life styles of the people in this day and age.
The lack of a modern miracle contradicts the idea that God is the Most Wise. It also gives the impression that God is not adaptable to our higher levels of thinking. Is God only capable of miracles for simpler, more ancient minds? Did God deliver His miracles to a few small generations, while our generation is greater in number, and there are e'ren larger generations to come?
We live in an age of science and computers. We consider ourselves intelli- gent beings who do not accept ideas which cannot be proven. On the other hand, we accept on faith many notions that defy common sense. We are proud of ourselves because we know more about science and technology than our parents and ancestors. We readily accept what is better and more advanced than what our parents have had. Yet, many of us do not hesitate to follow our parents blindly in religion, even if it means doing something we do not fully believe in.
The objective of this book is to present to the reader a mathematical system imbedded in a scripture from God. This mathematical system is so interwoven, so interlaced, and so pervasive throughout this scripture that it is beyond the probability of coincidence or human manufacture, proving its divinity and therefore the existence of God. This built-in system has been recently unveiled through the computer analysis of the original text of the scripture. It is the perfect opportunity for people who want to reaffirm their belief in God, and do not want to accept anything on blind faith. With this scripture and the new physical evidence, a clearer picture emerges: There is only one God who is eternal, all knowing, and merciful. One God who is in complete control of every little detail in the universe, and who can make Himself manifest for all.
A UNIQUE BOOK
There are many scriptures in existence today. The Torah of the Jews, the Bible of the Christians, the Gita of Hindus to name a few. A closer look at the scriptures brings to light very clearly the fact that all these scriptures are translations and the originals have been lost through time. The only scripture in existence which is still intact in its original language of revelation is the Quran. The Quran teaches the religion of Submission to God alone, and it also stipulates that it is the Final Testament; there will not be any other scripture from God. Perhaps more significantly though, the Quran comes with a built-in mathematical system that proves its divinity.
Although the Quran advocates that it is for all people and for all generations, many people perceive it to be the holy book only for the Muslims, and the religion of Islam. This is mainly because the Islam practiced by the Muslims around the world today is vastly different than what is presented in the Quran. The true religion of Islam is buried under piles upon piles of traditions and human made inventions that have been devised for political and economic gain. What the West perceives as Islam is nothing more than these inventions and erroneous practices carried out in the name of religion. They are not the practices advocated by the Quran. This is analogous to looking at the back side of a mirrorÅits original intent is no longer identifiable.
A NO NONSENSE SCRIPTURE
The Quran clearly points out the practices and guidelines for the religion of Submission. It advocates universal unity of all people under one God, who is the Creator. It respects the people of all religions, and promises salvation as long as they are righteous and worship only the Creator. The Quran's universal view is expressed in the following verse:
Surely, those who believe, those who are Jewish,
the converts; anyone who (1) believes in God, and (2) believes
in the Last Day, and (3) leads a righteous life, will receive their
recompense from their Lord; they have nothing to fear, nor will
they grieve. (2:62)
The word "Islam" is derived from the Arabic root "SLM" which means, among other things, peace, purity, submission and obedience. In the religious sense as used in the Quran, the word "Islam" means submission and total devotion to God alone. Similarly, the word Muslim is used in the Quran to describe one who submits to the will of God, and devotes his worship to Him alone. The Quran considers Abraham, Moses, Jesus, Muhammad, and all other messengers and prophets, as Submitters, including any of their true followers. Therefore, although the practices in each religion are different, there are many Submitter Jews, Submitter Christians, Submitter Muslims, and so on. According to the scriptures, there is only one religion in the sight of God devoting one's worship to God alone. This is the first commandment in the Old Testament, New Testament, and the Quran the Final Testament.
The Quran consists of 114 chapters. Its original text is in Arabic. The shortest chapter in the Quran contains three verses, whereas the longest chapter has 286 verses. The early chapters are longer in length, with the exception of the opening chapter. The chapters get shorter towards the end of the book. Table 1 lists the names of the 114 chapters with the number of verses in them.
The Quran is a unique book in that some of its chapters start with a letter, or a group of letters, instead of the usual text. These letters will be called initials, and the chapters that start with initials will be called the initialed chapters throughout this book.
There are 29 initialed chapters in the Quran. These chapters are not found in any particular order. The first initialed chapter is Chapter 2, and the last one is Chapter 68. Some of these chapters contain the same initials, or a subset of the initials used in other chapters. There are a total of 14 different sets of initials which are made up of 14 different Arabic letters. Table 2 lists the 29 initialed chapters with the corresponding initials used. In this table, only the English equivalents of the Arabic letters are given. A cross reference table of Arabic letters versus their approximate English equivalents is provided in the next chapter.
Table 1. The 114 chapters of the Quran with the corresponding
number of verses in them, Click on any sura 's name to read or check.
|1||7||The Key||39||75||The Throngs||77||50||Dispatched|
|2||286||The Heifer||40||85||Forgiver||78||40||The Event|
|3||200||The Amramites||41||54||Detailed||79||46||The Snatchers|
|5||120||The Feast||43||89||Ornaments||81||29||The Rolling|
|7||206||The Purgatory||45||37||Kneeling||83||36||The Cheaters|
|8||75||Spoils of War||46||35||The Dunes||84||25||The Rupture|
|10||109||Jonah||48||29||Victory||86||17||The Bright Star|
|11||123||Hood||49||18||The Walls||87||19||The Most High|
|13||43||The Thunder||51||60||Drivers of the Winds||89||30||The Dawn|
|14||52||Abraham||52||49||Mount Sinai||90||20||The Town|
|15||99||Al-Hijr Valley||53||62||The Stars||91||15||The Sun|
|16||128||The Bee||54||55||The Moon||92||21||The Night|
|17||111||The Children of Israel||55||78||Most Gracious||93||11||The Forenoon|
|18||110||The Cave||56||96||The Inevitable||94||8||Cooling the Temper|
|20||135||Ta-Ha||58||22||The Debate||96||19||The Embryo|
|22||78||The Pilgrimage||60||13||The Test||98||8||Proof|
|23||118||The Believers||61||14||The Column||99||8||The Quake|
|25||77||The Statute Book||63||11||The Hypocrites||101||11||The Shocker|
|26||227||The Poets||64||18||Mutual Blaming||102||8||Hoarding|
|27||93||The Ant||65||12||Divorce||103||3||The Afternoon|
|29||69||The Spider||67||30||Kingship||105||5||The Elephant|
|30||60||The Romans||68||52||The Pen||106||4||Quraish Tribe|
|32||30||The Prostration||70||44||The Heights||108||3||Bounty|
|33||73||The Parties||71||28||Noah||109||6||The Disbelievers|
|36||83||Ya-Sin||74||56||The Hidden secret||112||4||Absoluteness|
|37||182||The Arrangers||75||40||Resurrection||113||5||The Daybreak|
Table 2. The 29 initialed chapters, the number
Note:All initials occur in the first verse of these chapters with the exception of chapter 42. In this chapter, the first two initials occur in the first verse, the last three - initials occur in the second verse.
Ever since the revelation of the Quran, many scholars studying the Quran tried in vain to understand the significance of the initials and the initialed chapters. However, their significance remained a mystery until recently.
DISCOVERY OF THE MATHEMATICAL SYSTEM
An Egyptian-American biochemist and a Muslim scholar, Dr. Rashad Khalifa, started translating the Quran into English in the early 1970's. He was determined to find an explanation for the mysterious initials. With this in mind, he initiated an extensive research on these initials after placing the Quranic text with the initialed chapters into a computer. His objective was to find a mathematical pattern which would explain the significance of the initials, although he had no idea where and what to look for. After several years of research, Dr. Khalifa published his first findings in a book entitled MIRACLE OF THE QURAN: Significance of the Mysterious Aphabets in 1973. Although his findings indicated a correlation between the frequency of the initials themselves, he did not relate these frequencies to any common denominator. By January 1974, he recognized 19 as a common denominator in the initials and throughout the Quran.
Continuing research after this discovery unveiled an intricate mathematical system which pervades the whole Quran and governs every possible element in it (Khalifa, R., 1981 and 1989). This remarkable mathematical system will be discussed in a series of publications in preparation for a book.
The entire text of the Quran is mathematically composed with remarkable intricacy. The basis of this mathematical system is the number 19. Virtually every element of the Quran contains 19 as the common denominator. The Quran's mathematical system has various levels of complexity. It includes numbers which are straightforward or simple to obtain. It also includes numbers that may require computer programming to verify that they are multiples of 19. Therefore, not only people with advanced mathematical capability, but also people who can only do simple calculations can appreciate the 19-based mathematical system imbedded in the Quran.
One of the straightforward and visible aspects of the Quran's design is the number of its elements and the number of occurrences of the key words in it. Some examples include:
1. The number of chapters in the Quran is 114, or 19 x 6.
2. The total number of verses in the Quran is 6,346, or 19 x 334.
3. The word "God" occurs in the Quran 2,698 times, or 19 x 142.
4. The sum of all the verse numbers where the word "God" occurs is 118,123 or 19 x 6,217.
Another aspect of the design is the number of occurrences of initials within the initialed chapters. All the initials occur in their corresponding chapters in multiples of 19, when looked at as individual sets. For example, there are two chapters that are initialed with Q. The number of occurrence of the letter Q in each of these chapters is 57 or 19 x 3.
There are also other aspects of the design that require more work because of the large numbers involved, even though the operation itself is nothing more than simple addition or division. For example, the sum of the number of verses in each of the 114 chapters of the Quran, plus the sum of every single verse number in all chapters is equal to 339,644 or 19 x 17,876. A lot of numbers to add together to get the result!
If you thought adding those thousands of numbers together is a difficult task, how about dividing them? This aspect of the design involves putting a string of numbers together and dividing them by 19. Going back to the previous example, if we take the same numbers used in that summation, and put them all side by side, from the first to the last chapter, we obtain a 12,692-digit number. The number 12,692 itself is 19 x 668. But more importantly, the entire 12,692-digit number is also a multiple of 19. This is where some computer programming becomes necessary, for such operations would be almost impossible to perform by hand.
Another aspect of the Quran's mathematical design is the use of the gematrical values of the Arabic letters. The gematrical value of a letter is the numerical value assigned to it. When the Quran was revealed, fourteen centuries ago, numbers as we know them today did not exist. Instead, there was a universally accepted numerical system where the letters of the Arabic, Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek alphabets were used as numerals. The number assigned to each letter is considered to be its gematrical value. Table 4 gives the gematrical values of each letter in the Arabic alphabet, which is listed in its original order. The order of the letters in the modern day Arabic alphabet is slightly different. Also in the same table, the English equivalent letters are given in parantheses. The choice of the English letters used are based simply on the sounds of the Arabic letters. The bold fonts indicate stronger voiced letters.
Table 4. The gematrical values of the Arabic alphabet
SIMILAR PHENOMENA IN PREVIOUS SCRIPTURES?
Mathematical composition of a scripture may not be exclusive to the Quran. In a book entitled Studies in Jewish Mysticism (Dan, J. and Talmage, F., eds, 1982), there are indications that Rabbi Judah, the Pious, of the 12th century AD, recognized a 19-based numerical structure in the morning prayer. The following quote is taken from page 88 and 89 of this book:
The people [Jews] in France made it a custom to add [in the morning prayer] the words: " 'Ashrei termimei derekh [blessed are those who walk on the righteous way],ª and our Rabbi, the Pious, of blessed memory, wrote that they were completely and utterly wrong. It is all gross falsehood, because there are nineteen times that the Holy Name is mentioned [in that portion of the morning prayer] ... and similarly you find the word 'Elohim nineteen times in the pericope of Ve-'elleh shemot... Similarly, you find that Israil is called "sons" nineteen times, and there are many examples. All these sets of nineteen are intricately intertwined, and they contain many secrets and esoteric meanings ...
The mathematical coding of the scriptures with the number 19 makes one wander the divine reason for using the number 19 instead of some other number. Besides having unique mathematical properties, such as being a prime number, the number 19 is the gematrical value of the word "ONE" in all scriptural languages Aramaic, Hebrew, and Arabic. For example, in Arabic, the word for "ONE" is "WAHD" (pronounced Waahed). Based on Table 4, the gematrical values of the letters W, A, H, and D are 6, 1, 8, and 4, respectively. These numbers add up to 19 (6+1+8+4=19).
Therefore, the number 19 can be looked at to signify the First Commandment in all scriptures that there is only ONE God.
The discovery of the mathematical structures within the scriptures and the divinely instituted liturgies have resulted in a number of important conclusions. Some of these conclusions are stated in Studies in Jewish Mysticism (Ibid., p.92):
(1) No change can be tolerated in the text of the prayers, not even a minute one, because every change-even of one letter-would destroy the numerical harmony inherent in the text...
(2) The liturgy received new importance and new meaning within the framework of religious practice. A completely new dimension was added in this way to the daily prayer service; it stopped being just a reciting of requests and praises of God in ancient formulas, and became a vehicle for becoming a participant in a mystical, divine harmony. The prayers suddenly received a new depth of meaning and importance, which was undreamed of in the thousand years that had passed since they were formulated.
The mathematically composed text in a scripture serves both as an authenticating tool and as a guard to protect and preserve the scripture. Obviously, finding original unaltered scripture such as the Quran is extremely important. This fact can indeed be realized and proven by the remarkable mathematical design of the Quran.
In the following chapters of this book, the reader is presented with the physical facts, not opinions. Every attempt has been made to insure the accuracy of these physical facts. However, it is up to the reader to verify them whenever possible, as well as reflect on them. In fact, this strong advice is given in the Quran itself: "You shall not accept any information, unless you verify it for yourself. I have given you the hearing, the eyesight, and the brain, and you are responsible for using them." (17:36).
THE OPENING STATEMENT
The first verse of the Quran is "In the name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful." In Arabic, it is pronounced as Bism Allah Al-Rahman Al-Raheem, and is commonly known as the Basmalah.
The Basmalah is so special and unique that it constitutes the foundation upon which the Quran's 19-based mathematical composition is built. It is the opening statement of the Quran, and is composed of exactly 19 Arabic letters. These letters are given below in Table 5 with the approximate English equivalents and their corresponding gematrical values.
Table 5. The 19 Arabic letters of the Basmalah and their
|Letter No.||Arabic||English||Gematrical Value|
MATHEMATICAL DESIGN OF THE BASMALAH
The four words and the 19 letters of the Basmalah are put together according to a mathematical system which is humanly impossible to compose. This remarkable system is based on the number and the gematrical values of the letters that constitute the four words of the Basmalah. Let us first summarize the information we need to know about the Basmalah in Table 6 before we review this incredible mathematical system.
Table 6. The four words of the Basmalah, the English translation,
|1||Bism||In the name||3||2, 60, 40||102|
|2||Allah||God||4||1, 30, 3, 5||66|
Using the data in Tables 5 and 6, we get the following 19-based mathematical facts:
FACT 1. The Basmalah consists of 19 Arabic letters.
FACT 2. The sequence number of each word in the Basmalah followed by the number of letters in it forms an 8-digit number which is a multiple of 19: 1 3 2 4 3 6 4 6 = 19 x 19 x 36686
FACT 3. Replace the number of letters in each word in Fact 2 by the total gematrical value of that word. Thus, the sequence number of each word is followed by its total gematrical value, to form a 15-digit number which is a multiple of 19:
1 102 2 66 3 329 4 289 = 19 x 5801401752331
FACT 4. Replace the total gematrical value of each word in Fact 3 by the gematrical value of every letter in that word. For instance, the total gematrical value of the first word, 102, is replaced by 2 60 40. Similarly, the total gematrical value of the second word, 66, is replaced by 1 30 30 5, and so on. The result is a 37-digit number which is a multiple of 19:
1 2 60 40 2 1 30 30 5 3 1 30 200 8 40 50 4 1 30 200 8 10 40 = 19 x 66336954226595422109686863843162160
FACT 5. Insert the sequence number of each letter in the word before its gematrical value in Fact 4. For example, the gematrical values of the letters in first word are 2 60 40. When we insert the sequence numbers of the letters, we get 1 2 2 60 3 40, where the sequence numbers are in italics, the gematrical values are in bold. Similarly, the gematrical values of the letters in the second word are 1 30 30 5. When we insert the sequence numbers of the letters, we get 1 1 2 30 3 30 4 5, and so on. When all the numbers are put together, the result is a 56-digit number which is a multiple of 19:
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