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Written by: by Moustafa Kattih :: (View All Articles by: Moustafa Kattih)

In The Name Of ALLAH Most Gracious, Most Merciful, Praise Be to ALLAH.

Allah the Almighty says {Ye are the best of people, evolved for mankind, enjoining what is right, forbidding what is wrong, and believing in Allah.}

Scholars have agreed that enjoining what is right and forbidden what is wrong is the duty of every Muslim. Some scholars went further and said it is ordained and it is a must for the safety of the Islamic society. They depended on what Allah the Almighty says in the holy Quran {The believers men and women are protectors, one of others, they enjoin what is just and forbid what is evil.} While others decided that if a group of Muslims carry the task, the task or the duty of forbidden evil will fall from all Muslims. They based their decision on the following verses of Quran: {Let there arise out of you a band (group) of people inviting all that is good, enjoining what is right, and forbidding what is wrong, they are the ones to attain felicity.}

This Speech is divided into three parts:

First: The forbidden Action.

The action must be a forbidden to forbid it. A forbidden action is what the scholars have agreed upon, such as, Alcohol, theft, gossiping, wearing revealing clothes, and abandoning prayer. It is strange to see some Muslims these days trying to forbid what is not known to be forbidden, such as a woman reveling her hands or feet or a man praise Allah (kunute) during prayers; doing so will only lead into unrest in the Islamic community.

Furthermore, to forbid an action you must witness its occurrence. As for those who did evil such as drinking Liquor or stealing, you must leave their matter to Allah. You cannot enter someone's home or place of work and try to punch him for an evil which he might be conducting behind closed doors.

Omar (may Allah be pleased with him) entered the home of a man who was drinking and he found him drunk. The man told Omar you have committed two wrongs while I have committed one wrong. One, you spied on me and the prophet (Peace be upon him) said not to spy. Two, you have entered my home without my permission and the almighty Allah says {Do not enter homes which are not yours without greeting its owners and taking their permission}

Omar realized his mistake and left the man alone.

Second: Who is the one to forbid.

Dear brothers and sisters, scholars have agreed that the person should be Muslim, wise, kind, and posses sufficient Islamic knowledge. Almighty Allah says talking to Moses and Aaron {But speak to him (Pharaoh) mildly, perchance he may take warning or fear GOD.}

The person must also be god fearing, a man asked another to come to prayers; the other replied, forget this nonsense, what did your prayer do for you. You pray and you sell what is forbidden.

Scholars agree that enjoining what is right should be left to the government or those

who are in charge. The scholars relied upon what the Almighty says {There are those who if we establish them in the land, establish regular prayer, give regular charity, enjoin the right and forbid the wrong.}

As an Individual, You are obligated to properly guide your self and family.

Third: Methodology

Prophet Mohammed (peace be upon him) said {If you see what is forbidden or wrong, correct it by your own hand, if you are unable change it with your tongue (offer an advice or a suggestion). If you are unable, believe in your heart what you have seen is wrong and there nothing you can do about it, this is the simplest way of correction you may have.}

A. Correction or changes by hand: Any correction should be left to the authorities and those who are in charge. As an individual you have no right to judge or condemn any one for what he or she did or to take the law into your own hands as it is said her. Unfortunately we often hear and see that some one took the law into his own hands. This is wrong, he has no right to do that. This will create nothing but more problems and civil unrest. It is better to call to the Masjid those who are doing wrong and provide them with guidance and if able provide them in kindness with what will change their ways.

B. Correction or change by tongue. Such change is done in private and in a kind way {But speak to him (Pharaoh) mildly.} An individual walked into the Masjid while the Imam giving a Friday speech (Kutbah) and he set down to listen to the Kutbah. The Imam called upon him to get up to pray two Rakkat which not a must according to several schools of Islamic thought. The Imam made two mistakes in what he did. One, he asked the individual to do what is not a must. Two, he attacked the individual in public which is not his right or duty.

Another example, the Hassan son of Ali (may Allah be pleased with them) was a brought some sweets on a plate of gold (which is not allowed in Islam), he turned the plate upon a peace of bread and started to eat. His action taught the people who brought the Islamic stand on eating from a gold plate.

C. Correction or change by the heart. If you are not in the position to change the forbidden by hand and you are not able to offer an advice; it is best for you to change it by heart. Changing by heart is not to accept what is being done wrongly. The sin of the one who accept the evil action is equal to that of the one who is doing it. Believing that the forbidden action is wrong is the simplest and the least thing a Muslim can do.

The correction by the heart can be very important at times. The Prophet (Peace be upon him said) {If you see that evil spread within a community. It is best to stay home protect your self and family from all the evil in the community, worship Allah and leave the people on what they are on.}


By Moustafa kattih

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Those khutabs and speeches are a part of what have been said at masjed annour in chattanooga/Tn during friday prayers by imam Moustafa.
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