The Miracle of the QuranWritten by: by Mishael al-Khadi :: (View All Articles by: Mishael al-Khadi)
"We shall show them Our signs on the horizons and within themselves until it will become clear to them that it is the Truth. Does it not suffice that your Lord is Witness over all things?"
The noble Qur'an, Fussilat(41):53.
Muslims are taught that throughout the ages,
Allah Almighty has sent a prophet to every nation as a warner and a bearer of
"Verily! We have sent you (O Muhammad) with the Truth, a bearer of glad tidings and a warner; and there is not a nation but a warner has passed among them,"
The noble Qur'an, Fatir(35):24.
Each prophet was wisely selected by Allah in
order to be the best person for the job. He was then provided by Allah with
miracles as proof of his truthfulness and his message. These miracles were
wisely selected by Allah in order to be in the same field as that which these
people excelled in so that they could fully comprehend the magnitude of these
For instance, the people during the time of Moses
excelled at magical trickery. Their rulers used to surround themselves with the
most powerful of these wizards as a sign of power. This is why Allah made the
miracles of Moses (pbuh) similar to their magical trickery (changing a stick
into a snake, parting of the sea... etc.) but of a much greater magnitude than
anything they could ever hope to accomplish. For they were not tricks, but
actual physical miracles.
The people at the time of the prophet Jesus (pbuh)
excelled in matters of medicine. For this reason, his miracles were of a medical
nature (raising of the dead, healing of the blind...etc.), but of a degree that
they could never hope to imitate. Similarly, one of the major miracles of Islam
was a new and unheard-of type of literature similar to the Bedouin's poetry
but far beyond anything they could ever hope to match. Although they did indeed
try. This new literature was called "The Qur'an."
The Arabic language, as can be attested to by any
of it's scholars, is a very rich and powerful language. The Bedouin people of
the Arabian desert were, in general, illiterate people of very little scientific
knowledge. The thing that set them apart, however, was their mastery of poetry.
Spending their days as they did in the desert watching their sheep graze got
quite boring. They alleviated their boredom by continually composing and
refining poetry. They would spend entire years composing and refining their
poetry in anticipation of a yearly face-down of the poetic compositions of their
peers from all over the country. The fact that they were illiterate forced them
to also train themselves in the memorization of works of literature to such an
extent that they were able to memorize complete works from a single recitation.
Even in matters of leadership, one of the major criteria for selecting the
leaders of the various Bedouin tribes was the individual's prowess in literary
composition and memorization.
The Arabian Bedouins took great pains to make
their poetry as compact and picturesque as humanly possible,
constantly expanding the language along the way. A single word could convey
complete pictures. The Qur'an, however, has put even these great efforts to
shame. You will notice that when a Muslim translates a verse of the Qur'an he
usually does not say "the Qur'an says so and so" but rather "An approximation of
the meaning of what the Qur'an says is so and so." You really need to know the
language to comprehend this.
In the English language, we find that the words:
"mustang," "colt," "mare," "pony," "stallion," "bronco"... etc. all refer to the
same thing; a horse. Each one of these words conveys a slightly different mental
picture. The mental picture we get when we hear the word "colt" is slightly
different than the picture we get if we hear the word "mare." In a similar
manner, the Arabic language progressed in such a fashion as to make it possible
to convey such mental pictures in as concise and picturesque a format as
possible. It is not at all uncommon to find over three hundred words that refer
to the same thing in the Arabic language. Each one of these words gives a
slightly different picture than the others.
Many centuries of this constant refinement
eventually lead to a very complex and rich vocabulary, and the primary miracle
of Muhammad (pbuh), the Qur'an, was in exactly this field
In the noble Qur'an we find a challenge from
Allah to compose a literary work on a par with this Qur'an it is indeed the work
of mankind. They could not. The Qur'an continued to reduce it's challenge until
the challenge finally became: "compose only a single verse comparable to this
Qur'an and you will have won." They still could not. This in addition to the
fairness, justice, and logic of the Qur'an eventually won them over and slowly
more and more people became Muslims.
"Well then, if the Koran were his own [Muhammad's] composition other men could rival it. Let them produce ten verses like it. If they could not (and it is obvious that they could not), then let them accept the Koran as an outstanding evidential miracle"
Mohammedanism, H. A. R. Gibb, Oxford University
Press, p. 42
"From the literary point of view, the Koran is regarded as a specimen of purest Arabic, written in half poetry, half prose. It has been said that in some cases grammarians have adopted their rules to agree with certain expressions used in it, and though several attempts have been made to produce a work equal to it as far as elegant writing is concerned, none yet has succeeded"
Glimpses of the Noble Qur'an, Muhammad Azizullah,
Crescent Publications, pp. 104-105
"In making the present attempt to improve on the performance of my predecessors, and to produce something which might be accepted as echoing however faintly the sublime rhetoric of the Arabic Koran, I have been at pains to study the intricate and richly varied rhythms which - apart from the message itself - constitute the Koran's undeniable claim to rank amongst the greatest literary masterpieces of mankind... This very characteristic feature - 'that inimitable symphony,' as the believing Pickthall described his Holy Book, 'the very sounds of which move men to tears and ecstasy' - has been almost totally ignored by previous translators; it is therefore not surprising that what they have wrought sounds dull and flat indeed in comparison with the splendidly decorated original."
The Koran Interpreted, Arthur J. Arberry, Oxford
University Press, 1964, p. x.
"The Koran admittedly occupies an important position among the great religious books of the world. Though the youngest of the epoch-making works belonging to this class of literature, it yields to hardly any in the wonderful effect which it has produced on large masses of men. It has created an all but new phase of human thought and a fresh type of character. It first transformed a number of heterogeneous desert tribes of the Arabian peninsula into a nation of heroes, and then proceeded to create the vast politico-religious organizations of the Muhammadan world which are one of the great forces with which Europe and the East have to reckon today."
G. Margoliouth, Introduction to J.M. Rodwell's,
The Koran, New York: Everyman's Library, 1977, p. vii.
"A work, then, which calls forth so powerful and seemingly incompatible emotions even in the distant reader - distant as to time, and still more so as a mental development - a work which not only conquers the repugnance which he may begin its perusal, but changes this adverse feeling into astonishment and admiration, such a work must be a wonderful production of the human mind indeed and a problem of the highest interest to every thoughtful observer of the destinies of mankind … Here, therefore, its merits as a literary production should perhaps not be measured by some preconceived maxims of subjective and aesthetic taste, but by the effects which it produced in Muhammad's contemporaries and fellow countrymen. If it spoke so powerfully and convincingly to the hearts of his hearers as to weld hitherto centrifugal and antagonistic elements into one compact and well-organized body, animated by ideas far beyond those which had until now ruled the Arabian mind, then its eloquence was perfect, simply because it created a civilized nation out of savage tribes, and shot a fresh woof into the old warp of history."
Dr. Steingass, quoted in T.P. Hughes' Dictionary
Of Islam, p. 526-528.
Many claims have been made against Muhammad in
that day and this. Among them are the claims that he was a lunatic, a liar, or
deceived by the devil. If Muhammad was a lunatic or a liar then we have to
wonder how all of his prophesies came true?. Further, if he was a deceived by
Satan then we are faced with another problem. For we know that all Muslims are
taught that when reading the Qur'an they must first begin with the words "I
seek refuge in Allah from Satan the stoned* one." and then
follow this up with the words "In the name of Allah, Most Compassionate, Most
Merciful" So we have to wonder if Satan would "inspire" a man to teach
mankind to seek refuge in God from Satan? Indeed this is the exact same
accusation which was made against Jesus (pbuh). Let us read how Jesus responded
to this claim:
"But some of them (the Jews) said, He (Jesus) casteth out devils through Beelzebub (Satan) the chief of the devils. And others, tempting [him], sought of him a sign from heaven. But he, knowing their thoughts, said unto them, Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation; and a house [divided] against a house falleth. If Satan also be divided against himself, how shall his kingdom stand? because ye say that I cast out devils through Beelzebub."
It has been the case throughout the ages that
with all previous prophets, their miracle was separate from their book. Although
we may claim that we have the "Torah" of Moses, still, it is not possible now to
bring Moses' (pbuh) staff and see it perform miracles as it did in
his time. Similarly it is not possible today to see Jesus (pbuh) raise the dead
as he did so many centuries ago. However, since the message of Islam was the
final message of God to mankind, therefore, the book of Islam itself was made
the main miracle of Islam and it has continued to renew it's challenge to
mankind throughout the ages.
What does this mean? Nowadays, the number of
people who can appreciate the literary content of the Qur'an has dwindled and
this challenge no longer has the same impact it did fourteen hundred years ago.
However, as we have seen in the verse quoted at the beginning of this chapter,
Allah Almighty has promised to continually renew the challenge of the Qur'an
throughout the ages. So how will it be renewed?
Recently, a new field of study has opened up to
scholars. People nowadays are fascinated with science. This is the age of
technology and scientific discovery. For this reason, mankind has begun to study
the religious scriptures of mankind from a scientific point of view in order to
challenge the scientific claims made in these scriptures. Many works have been
published on this topic. In this chapter I will give a brief taste of these
matters and then leave it up to the interested reader to learn more from any one
of the many books which have been published in this regard (see list at back of
As mentioned previously, Muhammad (pbuh) lived
among tribes of people who were for the most part illiterate. He himself was
also illiterate. These people used to live extremely simple lives. Some were
traders and businessmen, others were farmers, and yet others were nomadic
sheepherders who traveled from place to place depending on where they could find
grass for their sheep to graze. When Muhammad (pbuh) brought them the Qur'an,
the believers found in the Qur'an the command to go out, seek knowledge, and
confirm the presence of their Creator by studying His creation. Muslims began to
fulfill this command of the Qur'an and this resulted in one of the greatest
explosions of scientific advancement mankind has ever seen. All of this was
going on during a period that the West calls "The Dark Ages,"
wherein the scientists of the West were being persecuted and killed as sorcerers
and wizards. During this period, Muslims scholars introduced into the world such
* Mathematical evolution of spherical mirrors
* Rectilinear motion of light and use of lenses
* Refraction angle variations
* Magnifying effects of the plano convex lens
* Introduced the concept of the elliptical shape of cosmological bodies
* Study of the center of gravity as applied to balance
* Measurement of specific weights of bodies
* Rule of algebraic equations
* Solutions to quadratic and cubic equations
* Work on square roots, squares, theory of numbers, solution of the fractional numbers
* Solutions of equations of cubic order
* Wrote on conic geometry elaborating the solution of algebraic equations
* Determined the Trinomial Equation
* Avicenna's "Canon of Medicine." He is know as the Prince of Physicians to the West
* Wrote the first description of several drugs and diseases as meningitis.
* Treatment of physiological shocks
* Expertise in psychosomatic medicine and psychology
* Al-Biruni mentions fifty six manuscripts on pharmacology
* Credited for identifying small pox and its treatment
* Use of alcohol as an antiseptic
* Use of mercury as a purgative for the first time
* First to describe the circulation of blood.
* "Holy Abbas" was, after Rhazes, the most outstanding Physician. His works were authoritative till the works of ibn Sina appeared
* Writings on Cosmology, Astrology, Science of numbers and letters
* Proved that the earth is smaller than the sun but larger than the moon.
* Final authorities on Chemistry for many Centuries
* Classified metals into three classifications
* Laid the basis of the Acid Base theory
* Distillation, calcination, crystallization, the discovery of many acids
* Cultivation of Gold - is a continuation of Jabir's work
* Theory of Oscillatory motion of equinoxes
* Addition of ninth sphere to the eight Ptolematic astronomy
* Discovered the increase of the suns apogee
* Gravitational force
* Responsible for the discovery motion of the solar apsides
* wrote ' On the Science of Stars '
* Determination of latitudes and longitudes
* Determination of geodetic measurements
* Described the motion of the planets
* Solved the problems of spherical trigonometry
* First to study the isometric oscillatory motion of a pendulum
* Invented the instrument ' Sahifah "
* Responsible for the proof of the motion of the apogee of the sun with respect to the fixed stars.
* authorities on the theory of the system of homocentric spheres
* Prepared a calendar that was more accurate than
the Gregorian one in use today.
...............and much, much more.
All of this began with a single illiterate Arab
from the desert fourteen hundred years ago. The book that was brought into the
world by such a man cries out to be studied from a scientific aspect. We will
now give you a glimpse of the results:
"So ask the People of Knowledge if you do not know"
The Qur'an, Al-Anbia(21):7
Example Number 1: Embryology:
Dr. Keith L. Moore is a
Professor of Anatomy and Cell Biology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.
He is a world renowned scientist and a distinguished researcher in the fields of
anatomy and embryology, he has published more than 150 research articles,
chapters and books in this field. He is the author of several medical textbooks,
such as the widely used and acclaimed "The Developing Human: Clinically oriented
Embryology" (now in it's fifth edition, and translated into
eight different languages), "Before We Are Born" and "Clinically Oriented
Anatomy." He has also recently co-authored "Qur'an and Modern Science,
Correlation Studies." Dr. Moore is the recipient of numerous awards and honors,
including, in 1984, the J.C.B. Grant Award, which is the highest honor granted
by the Canadian Association of Anatomists. He has served in many academic and
administrative positions, including the President of the Canadian Association of
Anatomists, 1968-1970. Let us see what Dr. Moore's opinion is on the scientific
statements regarding embryology to be found in the Qur'an:
Dr. Moore was contacted by a Muslim scholar by
the name of Abdul-Majeed Azzindani. He was asked to participate in a three-year
study of around twenty-five verses of the Qur'an and the Sunnah (sayings of
Muhammad, pbuh) which speak about embryology, and to determine the their
correspondence to modern scientific discoveries. Dr. Moore's conclusion
regarding this matter was:
Fig. 12 The human fetus in various stages of
development, at six, eight and 14 weeks
"For the past three years, I have worked with the Embryology Committee of King Abdulaziz University in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, helping them to interpret the many statements in the Qur'an and the Sunnah referring to human reproduction and prenatal development. At first I was astonished by the accuracy of the statements that were recorded in the seventh century AD, before the science of embryology was established. Although I was aware of the glorious history of Muslim scientists in the 10th century AD, and of some of their contributions to Medicine, I new nothing about the religious facts and beliefs contained in the Qur'an and Sunnah. It is important for Islamic and other students to understand the meaning of these Qur'anic statements about human development, based on current scientific knowledge. The interpretations of the "verses" in the Qur'an and the Sunnah, translated by Shaikh Azzindani, are to the best of my knowledge accurate."
From the forward of "The Developing Human:
Clinically oriented Embryology," third edition, by Dr. Keith L. Moore.
The Qur'an and the Sunnah of the prophet Muhammad
(pbuh) provide a very detailed description of the microscopic development of the
human embryo from a mere sperm drop up to the stage of a completely formed human
being. It is well known that microscopes were not developed until the sixteenth
century AD, and even at that were very crude in design. Zacharias Janssen is
credited with having invented the compound microscope in about 1590. With it,
remarkable scientific discoveries were made in the 17th and 18th centuries. The
Dutch naturalist Anthony van Leeuwenhoek produced lenses powerful enough to
prove that many tiny creatures are not spontaneously generated but come from
Before this period, theories on human
reproduction ran rampant. Some scientist believed that the menstrual blood
itself developed into the fetus. Later on, a new theory was developed wherein
the sperm drop was popularly believed to contain a completely developed
miniature human (homunculus) which later grew to the size of a baby. The science
of embryology as we know it today did not discover many of the detailed aspects
of human development which are taken for granted today until only about twenty
years ago, or 1973 to be precise.
Now we must ask the question: where did Muhammad
(pbuh) get such detailed knowledge of the microscopic development of the human
embryo in the 6th century AD without a microscope, technical training, a
laboratory of any kind, or even the ability to write his own name? The only
logical conclusion is that it came from exactly where he claimed it did. From
the one who created mankind, God Almighty!
Prof. Moore has since given numerous lectures on
the topic of embryology in the Qur'an. He is quoted in one of these lectures as
"It is clear to me that these statements must
have come to Muhammad from God, or Allah, because most of this knowledge was not
discovered until many centuries later. This proves to me that Muhammad must have
been a messenger of God, or Allah."
Prof. Moore was so impressed with the Qur'anic
classification of the stages of development of the human embryo, that he
suggested the adoption of the Qur'anic system in place of the system currently
in use by scientists today. Prof. Moore said:
"Because the staging of the human embryo is
complex owing to the continuous process of change during development. It is
therefore suggested that a new system of classification could be developed using
the terms mentioned in the Qur'an and the Sunnah. The proposed system is simple,
comprehensive, and conforms with present embryological knowledge."
When Dr. Moore first presented his findings in
Toronto it caused quite a stir throughout Canada. It was on the front pages of
some of the newspapers across Canada. One newspaper reporter asked Professor
"Don't you think That maybe the Arabs
might have known about these things - the description of the embryo, its
appearance and how it changes and grows? Maybe there were not scientists, but
maybe they did some crude dissections on their own - carved up people and
examined these things."
Professor Morre immediately pointed out to him,
however, that he had missed a very important point. All of the slides of the
embryo that Dr. Moore had based his study upon had come from pictures taken
through a microscope. He said,
"It does not matter if someone had tried
to discover embryology fourteen centuries ago, they could not have seen it!."
Dr. Moore taunted, "Maybe fourteen centuries ago someone secretly had a
microscope and did this research, making no mistakes anywhere. Then he somehow
taught Muhammad and convinced him to put this information in his book. Then he
destroyed his equipment and kept it a secret forever?. Do you believe that? You
really should not unless you bring some proof because it is such a ridiculous
When he was asked "How do you explain this
information in the Qur'an?" Dr. Moore's reply was, "It could only have
been divinely revealed."
Example Number 2: The Universe:
Another example of such scientifically accurate
statements in the Qur'an can be found in the following analysis:
"And the firmament(sky) We constructed with power and skill and verily We are expanding it"
The noble Qur'an, Al-Thariyaat(51):47.
(Remember: "we" is the Arabic plural of respect,
not the Christian plural of "Trinity," as seen in chapter 14).
"Do not the disbelievers see that the heavens and the earth were fused then We ripped them asunder, and We created from water every living thing, do they not believe?"
The noble Qur'an, Al-Anbia(21):30.
"Then He settled/equilibrated unto the firmament(sky) when it was smoke and said unto it and to the earth: come willingly or unwillingly. They said: we come willingly"
The noble Qur'an, Fussilat(41):11.
Allah Almighty has in these three concise verses
answered questions that it has taken some of the greatest physicists and
astronomers of history centuries to answer. It was only in this century that
they finally found the truth.
Mankind has studied the heavens and the earth for
countless centuries. The Greeks were some of the first people to attempt to
describe various cosmological phenomena. They gave us many of the very first
theories regarding the universe and it's composition. The major
contribution came with the writings of Plato. Plato claimed that the
universe was created by what he called "The Demiurge." According to Plato, the
universe was the result of reasoning and planning, it was constructed by the
Demiurge upon precise mathematical and geometrical principles. Later on,
Aristotle, Plato's student, adopted his teacher's basic concept. Aristotelian
cosmology was based on the concept of an enclosed cosmos comprising a series of
concentric, spheres revolving around a stationary Earth. Motion was provided by
the "prime mover" and, once initiated, would remain circular, uniform and
Both Plato and Aristotle taught that
the universe was eternal, with neither beginning nor end. The
universe as a whole was considered steady and unmoving, and this was the basis
for the later formation of the "steady state theory." In 1915, Albert
Einstein had published the famous general theory of relativity. Soon afterward
he proposed a static model of the universe, but he would later declare that it
was "one of the greatest mistakes of my career." Why?, Because in 1925,
Edwin Hubble (after whom the Hubble Space telescope is named) provided the
observational evidence for the expansion of the universe, or as Stephen Hawking
put it "The universe is not static, as had previously been thought, it was
Although mankind did not discover these facts
till this 20th Century, still, we find that Allah Almighty had provided the
answers for mankind 1400 years ago in the Qur'an through the agency of His
illiterate Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). During Muhammad's (pbuh) time, the Greeks
were claiming that the cosmos was static and not expanding. So how did he know
that the universe was expanding 1300 years before the foremost
scientist of the West proved this to be a scientific fact?
However, this is not the only claim that the
Qur'an makes with regard to the universe. Let us study the next
At the present time, the Big Bang theory of the
origin of the universe is the cosmological model most widely
accepted by astronomers. It holds that about 20,000,000,000 years ago the
universe began with the explosive expansion of a single, extremely condensed
state of matter ("the heavens and the earth were fused then we ripped them
asunder"). As mentioned above, a further development of this model, known as
"inflationary theory," describes the original condensed matter as arising
from virtually empty space. It was only after the development of radio
telescopes in 1937 AD that the necessary observational precision was achieved in
order for astronomers to arrive at the above conclusion. Out of the observations
of such scientists has arisen the so called "Hubble Constant" (Ho) which is
quantity currently used to gauge the rate at which the universe is
expanding. In other words, the issue is no longer whether the universe is
expanding or not, rather, it is only a question of how fast it is
The second and third verses presented appear to
claim that the heavens and the earth were once a single mass then were "ripped
asunder," The exact root words used in the Qur'an are the words "ra-ta-qa" and "fa-ta-qa,"
or "the heavens and the earth were 'ra-ta-qa' then we 'fa-ta-qa' them"
"Ra-ta-qa" is an Arabic word which has the
general meaning of "to fuse, to sew, to mend, to patch up, to repair." ("Lisan
Al-Arab," by Ibn Mandoor, Vol. 10, Dar Al-Fikr, p. 114, and also "A Dictionary
of Modern Written Arabic," Hans Wehr, Librairie du Liban, p. 325)
Similarly, "fa-ta-qa" has the general meaning of
"To rip, to undo sewing, to unstitch, to tear apart, to rend, to rip open." ("Lisan
Al-Arab," by Ibn Mandoor, Vol. 10, Dar Al-Fikr, p. 296, and also "A Dictionary
of Modern Written Arabic," Hans Wehr, Librairie du Liban, p. 695)
The verse then goes on to say that Allah Almighty
created the heavens and the earth from a celestial "smoke." Astronomers today
have pictures of galaxies being formed by exactly this process, i.e. the
condensation of spiraling celestial "mists." Isn't it an incredible coincidence
that an illiterate man from the desert, without the aid of observatories or
satellite imaging was making these claims over 1400 years ago?. Was he just
Further, the cosmic phenomenon depicted in the following two figures is commonly referred to by astronomists as a cosmic "mist." However, if we were to read the second verse of the Qur'an presented above we will find that the Qur'an more accurately refers to it as a "smoke." This is because "mist" implies a cool and tranquil spray of water. However, "smoke" implies a hot gas containing airborne particles. This is indeed another example of the literary miracle of the Qur'an in that it manages to convey to us in a very concise language a very accurate and detailed description of the topic at hand.
"And those who have been given knowledge know that that which has been revealed to you from your Lord is the Truth"
The noble Qur'an, Saba(34):6
"Do they not consider the Qur'an (with care) or are there locks upon their hearts?"
The noble Qur'an, Muhammad(47):24
Example Number 3: Water and Life:
In the Qur'an we read:
"Do not the disbelievers see that the heavens and the earth were joined together then we split them asunder, and we created from water every living thing, do they not believe?"
The noble Qur'an, Al-Anbia(21):30.
"And Allah has created every trodding creature from water......"
The noble Qur'an, Al-Noor(24):45.
"It is He who created from water a human...."
The noble Qur'an, Al-Furqan(25):54.
Water is the most common substance on Earth,
covering more than 70% of the planet's surface. All living things consist mostly
of water; for example, the human body is about two-thirds water (when you
cremate a human what happens to him? Why?). Scientist tell us that all forms of
life known to humanity today require three basic conditions: Temperature, the
existence of water, and the existence of an atmosphere.
All metabolisms require water to survive, so
animals that exist in arid regions have body mechanisms that protect against
water loss and make maximum use of water (camels for example). Dehydration in
humans results from lack of food, drink, and from sweating, in addition to other
factors. This loss eventually affects the proper functioning of the heart,
central nervous system, and organs containing smooth muscle. Finally,
intercellular water is lost, which upsets vital chemical processes in the cells.
If water is not restored to the body, death will usually occur within a few
The blood of all living creatures is composed of
55 percent plasma, which in turn is composed of more than 90 percent water. Jan
Baptista van Helmont, the first experimental physiologist, around 1640 AD
concluded that water is the only soil component required for plant growth. We
could go on and on. Again we find ourselves asking the question: How did
Muhammad (pbuh) know that all living creatures are created from water centuries
before mankind discovered this fact through scientific experimentation? Did he
randomly select an element from the countless billions of possible choices? Why
did he not claim that mankind was created from air, or from wood, or from light?
Example Number 4: Deep sea currents:
In the Qur'an we read:
"Or as darkness on a vast, abysmal sea. There covers it a wave, above which is a wave, above which is a cloud. Layer upon layer of darkness."
The noble Qur'an, Al-Noor(24):40.
Mankind began to build submersibles in the
seventeenth century. The first crude craft known to have ventured underwater was
built by Cornelis Drebbel, court engineer to James I of England, and was
demonstrated on the Thames river in 1620. From then onwards, development of
submarines continued until the twentieth century, or 1954 to be exact, when the
first nuclear submarine became a reality. With mankind's study of the sea came
the realization that the waters lying underneath the surface waves were not the
place of tranquil calmness they were previously envisioned to be. Rather, there
were underwater currents called deep sea currents which could at times become
such violent storms as to rearrange sediments in the ocean bottom. How did
Muhammad (pbuh) know about these underwater currents centuries before mankind
invented the tools necessary for underwater exploration?
"Say: It was sent down by He who knows the secrets in the heavens and the earth."
The noble Qur'an, Al-Furqaan(25):6.
It is worth mentioning here in connection with
the above verse that some scientists have interpreted the "layer upon layer
of darkness" to be the gradual separation of the light spectrum within the
ocean, one color at a time until complete darkness is finally achieved. In other
words, at one depth, the yellow bandwidth is suppressed and "yellow darkness" is
achieved. At another depth, the red bandwidth is suppressed and "red darkness"
is achieved, and so forth.
There are many other scientific statements made
in the Qur'an which were only discovered to be scientifically accurate many
centuries after Muhammad's death. Many of them have only been discovered in this
century. They range over many fields of science including Anatomy, Chemistry,
Astronomy, Geology, Hydrology, and many other disciplines which are only
beginning to be addressed by scientists today.
For example, the Qur'an makes reference to the
fact that a human's pain receptors are located in the skin (Al-Nissa(4):56).
That the frontal lobes of the brain are responsible for lying and sin
(Al-Alak(96):16). That mountains have below them roots that extend deep into the
earth's surface (Al-Naba(78):7). That mountains pin the earth's crust and
prevent it from moving (Al-Nahil(16):15). That there exists a physical barrier
between bodies of fresh and salt water (Al-Rahman (55):20). There is also
information regarding the formation of milk in cows (Al-Nahi(16):66). And on and
on. So where was Muhammad (pbuh) getting all of these scientific facts if not
from the Creator of mankind and the universe? Allah Almighty
"Is this sorcery or is it that you do not see?"
The noble Qur'an, Al-Tur (52):15.
Prof. Keith Moore is not the only scholar who has
been presented with such verses of the Qur'an. Many other scholars from all over
the world have been presented with similar statements from the Qur'an in their
field of expertise. Only a few of these people are:
1) Dr. E. Marshall Johnson, Professor and
Chairman of the Department of Anatomy and Developmental Biology, and the
Director of the Daniel Baugh Institute, Thomas Jefferson University,
Philadelphia, USA. Author of over 200 publications. Former President of the
Teratology Society among other accomplishments. After studying the verses of the
Qur'an he came to the following conclusion:
"The Qur'an describes not only the development
of external form but emphasizes also the internal stages - the stages inside the
embryo of its creation and development, emphasizing major events recognized by
contemporary science... If I was to transpose myself into that era, knowing what
I do today and describing things, I could not describe the things that were
described... I see no evidence to refute the concept that this individual
Muhammad had to be developing this information from some place... so I see
nothing in conflict with the concept that divine intervention was involved..."
2) Dr. Joe Leigh Simpson. Professor and Chairman
of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Baylor Collage of Medicine,
Houston, Texas. He is the President of the American Fertility Society, and has
served in many other professional, national, and international organizations. He
has received numerous awards including Association of Professors of Obstetrics
and Gynecology Public Recognition Award in 1992. He has published more than 400
chapters and articles in journals and books. He says:
"... these Hadeeths (sayings of Muhammad)
could not have been obtained on the basis of the scientific knowledge that was
available at the time of the writer'... It follows that not only is there no
conflict between genetics and religion (Islam) but in fact religion (Islam) may
guide science by adding revelation to some of the traditional scientific
approaches... There exist statements in the Qur'an shown centuries later to be
valid which support knowledge in the Qur'an having been derived from God."
3) Dr. T.V.N. Persaud. Professor and Head of the
Department of Anatomy, Professor of Pediatrics and Child Health, and Associate
Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of
Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. He is the author and editor of 25 books,
has contributed 31 chapters to publications, and has published over 180
scientific papers. In 1991 he received the most distinguished award presented in
the field of anatomy in Canada, the J.C.B. Grant Award from the Canadian
Association of Anatomists. He says:
"Muhammad was a very ordinary man, he couldn't
read, didn't know how to write, in fact he was an illiterate... were talking
about 1400 years ago, you have some illiterate person making profound statements
that are amazingly accurate, of a scientific nature... I personally can't see
how this could be mere chance, there are too many accuracies and like Dr. Moore,
I have no difficulty in my mind reconciling that this is a divine inspiration or
revelation which lead him to these statements."
4) After a study which lasted ten years, the
famous French physician Maurice Bucaille addressed the French Academy of
Medicine in 1976 and expressed the complete agreement of the Qur'an and
established findings of modern science. He presented his study on the existence
in the Qur'an of certain statements concerning physiology and reproduction. His
reason for doing that was that
"our knowledge of these disciplines is such,
that it is impossible to explain how a text produced at the time of the Qur'an
could have contained ideas that have only been discovered in modern times."
5) Dr. Tejatet Tejasen, Head of the Department of
Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Chiang Mai, Thailand. After his
study on the Qur'an passages dealing with embryology:
"From my studies and what I have learnt at
this conference I believe that everything that has been recorded in the Qur'an
1400 years ago must be true. That can be proved the scientific way."
6) Dr. Gerald C. Goeringer. Professor and
Coordinator of Medical Embryology in the Department of Cell
Biology in the Georgetown University school of Medicine. Washington, D.C. He has
published numerous articles dealing mainly with the study of teratogenesis.
7) Dr. Alfred Kroner, Professor of Geology,
8) Dr. Yoshiodi Kozan, Director of the
observatory of Tokyo, Japan.
9) Dr. William Hay, Professor of Oceanography,
University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado.
10) Dr. Pete Palmer, Professor of Geology,
University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado.
11) Dr. Sayawida, Professor of Marine Geology,
12) Dr. Armstrong, Professor of Astronomy,
University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas.
13) Dr. Draga Persaud Rauw, Professor of Marine
Geology, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
14) Dr. Schroeder, Professor of Oceanography,
The response of these scholars when presented
with verses of the Qur'an in their field of specialization, varied. One thing
however was always constant. They all confirmed the accuracy of the scientific
statements made in the Qur'an, and they all could not explain how Muhammad (pbuh)
could have known with such accuracy the scientific claims to be found in the
Qur'an so many centuries before mankind discovered them to be scientific truths.
Allah Almighty tells us in the Qur'an:
"Allah did not create (all) that except in truth. He details the signs for people of knowledge."
The noble Qur'an, Yunus(10):5
"And those who were given knowledge see that which was sent down upon you by your Lord is the truth and guides to the path of the 'Exalted' (in Might) the 'worthy of all praise'."
The noble Qur'an, Saba(34):6.
"Had We sent down this Qur'an upon a mountain, you would surely have seen it humbling itself and rending asunder for fear of Allah. Such are the parables We put forth for mankind that they may reflect."
The noble Qur'an, Al-Hashr(59):21
"Verily! this Qur'an guides to that which is most upright, and gives glad tidings to the believers who work deeds of righteousness that theirs will be a great reward"
The noble Qur'an, Al-Isra(17):9
"And We have indeed simplified [the comprehension of] this Qur'an for remembrance, so is there any that will remember [and be admonished]?"
The noble Qur'an, Al-Qamar(54):17
To obtain a more in-depth analysis of these
matters including video tapes containing interviews with many of these
pioneering Western scholars, contact one of the following (ask for the video
tape titled "It is the Truth"):
1) Islamic Academy for Scientific Research.
8150 West 111 Street
Palos Hills, IL 60465
Phone: (708) 974-9151
2) Islamic Society of North America (ISNA)
P.O. Box 38
Plainfield, Indiana, 46168
Phone: (317) 839-8157
3) Academy for the Miracles of Science in the Qur'an and the Sunnah
P.O. Box 5736
Phone: (2) 545-1519
Also look for the books:
- "The Bible, the Qur'an and Science," by Dr. Maurice Bucaille
- "The Qur'an and Modern Science," by Dr. Maurice Bucaille
- "An Introduction to Understanding the Qur'an," by Syed Abdul A'ala Maudoodi
- "The Sources of the Qur'an: A Critical Review of the Authorship Theories," by Hamza Mustafa Njozi
- "Muhammad's Prophethood: An Analytical View," by Dr. Jamal Badawi
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|Title:||The Miracle of the Quran|
|Author's name:||More Articles by Mishael al-Khadi|
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