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Step by Step rituals of Umrah & Hajj

1. Entering into Ihram from Miqat

a. Taking a bath.

b. Using perfume if possible.

c. Wearing Ihraam attire, which consists of a loincloth and an apparel, with the head uncovered for men, whereas women are to wear their Islamic custom, wearing neither face cover nor gloves. However, a woman may cover her face with a slight veil only if her beauty is tempting enough to cause seduction.

d. Declaring intention to perform Hajj and chanting Labbayk: “Labbayka-Allahumma-Hajjan”.

e. After taking these steps it is prohibited for the pilgrims to wear sewn clothes, remove or pluck hairs, clip nails, cover their heads, use perfume, hunt, enter into marriage contracts, have sexual intercourse, or cut the trees of the Sacred Precinct.

f. Men should raise their voice while chanting Labbayk, saying: “Labbayka-Allahumma-Labbayk. Labbayka La Sharika Laka Labbayk. Inna Al-Hamda Wan-Ni`mata Laka Wal-Mulk. Laa Sharika Lak.”
“Here I am, O Lord, here I am! Here I am, there is none that is a partner to You, here I am! Surely, all praise; all bounty is Yours, and all power. There is none that is a partner to You.” But woman should let her voice be audible only to herself.

2. Entering the Sacred Mosque

a. On getting to the Sacred Mosque, the pilgrim should start with Tawaf (circumambulation around the Ka`bah), rather than 2-unit prayer of greeting the Mosque (Tahiyyat)

b. On seeing the Ka`bah, one should say: "O Allah, let the honor, greatness, grandeur and magnificence of this House be ever-increasing, and let all this be reflected on the people visiting it (for Hajj or Umrah). O Allah, You are the Peace and the Source of peace. So make us live in peace and die in peace, and permit us into Paradise, the abode of peace.”

3. Arrival Tawaf

a. Stop chanting Labbayk and go around the Ka`bah for seven circles. Start Tawaf from the Black Stone. Men are to leave their right shoulder bare. Hasten during the first three rounds of Tawaf and walk during the other four. On starting Tawaf from the Black Stone say: "In the Name of Allah; Allah is Greatest."

b. Kiss the Black Stone if possible or even point at it with your right hand. But do not stand still in front of it.

c. Rub the Yamani Corner with right hand every time you pass by it if possible, but neither kiss nor point at it.

d. In making Dhikr and Du`a' during Tawaf, do not raise your voice.

e. Passing between the two corners say: "O Lord! Give us good in this world and good in the Hereafter and save us from the torment of the Fire."

4. Perform 2-unit Prayer behind Maqam Ibrahim

a. Perform 2-unit Prayer behind Maqam Ibrahim or a little bit away from it. Recite Surat Al-Kafirun (Chap. "The Polytheists") in the first Rak`ah (unit) and Surat Al-Ikhlas (Chap. "The Sincerity of Faith") in the second Rak`ah.

5. Go to the Well of Zamzam

a. Drink therefrom and pour on your head. Then, go back to the Black Stone and kiss it if possible. If not, just point at it.

6. Sa`y (Going Between Safa and Marwah)

a. Ascend Mount-Safa and recite the Qur'anic verse which goes, "Behold! Safa and Marwa are among the Symbols of Allah. So if those who visit the House in the Season or at other times, should compass them round, it is no sin in them. And if any one obeyeth his own impulse to good, be sure that Allah is He Who recogniseth and knoweth." The Holy Qur'an, Chapter 2, Verse 157

b. Face the Ka`bah and raise your hands for supplication while saying the following thrice: "There is no god but Allah, Who fulfilled His Promise, gave victory to His servant, and defeated the confederates single-handedly."

c. Start performing the Sa`y from Safa to Marwah walking, and when you reach the two green signs hasten your walk for a while, but do not run. Then return to your normal phase of walk. On getting to Marwah, ascend it, face the Ka`bah and say as you've said on Safa.

d. Going back to Safa walk easily and hasten on reaching the aforementioned green sign.

e. Keep on remembering Allah, supplicating Him and reciting the Our'an while going between Safa and Marwah, because there is no specific supplication to be said while making Sa`y except those recited on ascending Safa and Marwah.

f. The same steps are repeated in each of the seven circuits. But beware that going from Safa to Marwah is reckoned as one circuit and coming back from Marwah to Safa is another circuit.

7. Shaving or shortening Hair (Taqsir)

a. After finishing `Umrah, shave your hair completely or have it shortened. As for women, they should shorten their hair slightly. Moreover, one should put on his ordinary clothes, wear perfume and then assume Ihram intending Hajj on the Day of Tarwiyah.

8. At Mina (on 8th of Dhul Hijjah)

a. On the 8th of Dhul Hijjah soon after Fajr Prayers, have a bath, wear Ihram dress, Niyyah for Hajj (Labbaik-Allahumma Hajjan), proceed to Mina carrying musalla, bed sheet, air pillow, water bottle and minimum provisions for two days.

b. Spend that day and night there. Perform all daily prayers, shortening 4 Rak'ats prayers to 2 Rak'ats, but without combining them.
the night on the eve of `Arafat Day until the sun of the ninth day rises. Then go to `Arafat chanting Labbayk and celebrating Allah's Greatness.

9. The Day of `Arafat (on the 9th of Dhul-Hijjah)

a. After sunrise: Leave Mina for Arafah
Around Zuhar time: Perform Zuhar and Asr prayers (shortened 2 rak'ats each and combined)
Till Asr: Settle down in the tent in Arafah, listen to Qutuba from Namira mosque,
Late afternoon till a little before sunset: Stand outside the tent facing the Qiblah, and raise hands in deep supplication to Allah

10. Spending the Night at Muzdalifah

a. After sunset: Depart for Muzdalifah very calm and peacefully, chanting Labbayk throughout the way. Keep on remembering Allah, supplicating Him, seeking His Mercy. Perform combined Maghrib (three Rak`ahs) and Isha prayers (two rak’ahs) around the time of Isha at Muzdalifah, walk to the foot of nearby hills, and collect about 70 pea-size pebbles, spend the night at Muzdalifah in rest and offer Fajr prayer there.

b. If you fear that you may miss these prayers due to throng of people at Muzdalifah, then you may perform prayer on your way to it. Then when you reach Muzdalifah, you can sleep till dawn. But, women and unhealthy people may leave Muzdalifah to Mina after midnight.

11. Stoning (on the 10th of Dhul-Hijjah)

a. Before sunrise: Leave for Mina. Go through the al-Mash'ar al-Haram and make du'a until brightness of the sun is widespread. Must speed up the walk when passing by the Muhasir valley.

b. Preferably before midday, but in any case before sunset: Stone only the Jamrat-al-Kubra (the third Jamarat on the way from Muzdalifah to Mina). Stop Talbiya before stoning.

12. Slaughtering the Hady (Sacrificial Animal)

a. Sacrifice an animal. However, if you cannot do the slaughtering by yourself, you can credit the price of the sacrificial animal in one of the certified (Islamic) banks in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, so that they can undertake slaughtering the Hady on your behalf.

13. Shaving or Haircut

a. Men should have their hair cut or shaven altogether, whereas women have to cut part of their hair equal to a finger's tip. Shower, and change into normal clothes, apply perfume - Partial ending of the state of Ihram

14. Tawaf-al-Ifadah

a. Evening: Proceed to Masjid-al-Haram in Makkah for. Perform Tawaf. Follow the same steps of Arrival Tawaf as mentioned above. Pray 2 raka’ near Maqam Ibrahim, drink Zam Zam, do Sa’ee. On finishing Tawaf Al-Ifadah you can undertake everything previously prohibited for you due to Hajj rituals. Go back to Mina.

15. Spending the Night at Mina (on night of 11th of Dhul-Hijjah)

a. Spend the night at Mina. This is the starting day of the Days of Tashreeq, about which the Prophet, peace be upon him, said: "On the Days of Tashreeq, enjoy foods and drinks and remember Allah." So, it is commendable to celebrate Allah's Greatness recurrently after prayer and at every time and place.

16. Throwing the Stones at all Jamraat (on 11th and 12th of Dhul Hijjah)

a. The time for throwing the stones at the three Jamraat (the appointed places at which the stones are to be thrown) starts afternoon (after zenith).

b. They are to be thrown in ascending order; the smaller, the middle, then the greater.

c. Each one of the Jamraat is to be thrown with seven stones successively, one after the other.

d. While throwing each stone celebrate Allah's Greatness, saying "Allahu-Akbar" (Allah is Greatest).

e. While throwing the stones at the three Jamraat, it is commendable first to make the smaller one between you and the Qiblah (Prayer Direction); second, to proceed to the middle one, facing Qiblah and supplicate Allah for a long time and then throw the stones; finally, to proceed to the greater Jamraat, putting Qiblah to your left and Mina to your right and throw the stones. After throwing the stones at the greater Jamraat (Al-`Aqabah), do not wait for supplication, because the Prophet, peace be upon him, did not wait after throwing the last Jamarat.

f. Make use of the period before zenith by doing good deeds, helping others and remembering Allah, and after zenith throw the stones at the three Jamraat.

g. After throwing stones on the 12th of Dhul Hijjah, you can go back to Makkah if you wish before the time of sunset, but it is better to stay at Mina if possible till the following day.

17. Throwing stones on the 13th of Dhul-Hijjah

a. If you opt to stay on in Mina on the 13th of Dhul Hijjah, you are to throw the stones at the three Jamraat in the afternoon, exactly as you did on the previous two days, after which you go back to Makkah.

18. Tawaf Al-Wada` (Farewell Circumambulation Around the Ka`bah)

a. When you intend to leave Makkah, make a Farewell Tawaf around the Ka`bah. However, women in their menstrual or postnatal period are exempted from this Tawaf.

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