The Islamic way of RulingWritten by: by Moustafa Kattih :: (View All Articles by: Moustafa Kattih)
The topic of today's "khutba" is about the ruling of dictatorship and the ruling of democracy or " showra"
ALLAH said in his book , talking about prophet "SOLOMON" (pbuh) :
(( He inspected the birds, and said: what is the matter that I see not the hoopoe? Or he is among the absentees? I will surely punish him with a severe torment, or slaughter him, unless he brings me a clear reason . But the hoopoe stayed not long: he said : I have grasped knowledge of a thing which you have not grasped and I have come to you from Saba' with true news . I found a woman ruling over them she has been given all things that could be possessed by any ruler of the earth and she has a great throne I found her and her people worshipping the sun instead of ALLAH and Satan has made their deeds fair - seeming to them, and has barred them from Allah's Way so they have no guidance .so they do not worship ALLAH who brings to light what is hidden in the heavens and the earth , and knows what you conceal and what you reveal. ALLAH none has the right to be worshipped but him ; the Lord of the Supreme Throne! Solomon said: we shall see whether you speak the truth or you are of the liars . Go you with this letter of mine and deliver it to them , then draw back from them , and see what they return . She said " O chiefs !Verily ! here is delivered to me a noble letter ,Verily it is from Solomon and verily it " in the Name of ALLAH the Most Gracious the Most Merciful , be you not exalted against me but come to me as Muslims" . She said O chiefs advise me in the case of mine , I decide no case till you are present with me . They said : we have great strength and great ability for war but it is for you to command ; so think over what you will command. She said : Verily kings when they enter a town they despoil it and make the most honorable amongst its people the lowest and thus they do , but verily I am going to send him a present and see with what the messenger return . So when came to Solomon he said : will you help me in wealth ? what ALLAH has given me is better than that which he has given you ! Nay you rejoice in your gift. Go back to them, we verily shall come to them with hosts that they cannot resist and we shall drive them out from there in disgrace and they will be abased )) .
These verses draw tow different pictures or examples for tow different government or systems .
The first one is the ruling of "SOLOMON" . It comes from God's rules and words and it is based on the connection and the relationship between God
and his servants , establishing his rules and applying it in their daily life.
This is "showra" ruling where the individual has his/her dignity and pride
as long as they are connected with GOD . There is no injustice or people trying to impose their own rules , their is no difference between the ruler
and the person being ruled except with good deeds or bad ones toward GOD. This is the system that GOD accepted and preferred for his people in this "SURA" to be implemented on earth , and this is the system that is used
and followed by prophet Mohammad (pbuh) and his companion after him . after that it started to drift gradually until it became the ruling of the individual not the ruling of GOD that is being implemented . Started to degrade people's dignity and violate their GOD's given rights to insure their position in the government .
The second picture or example that is being mentioned in this " sura" is the ruling of queen " Balqies" . it is a dictatorship type of ruling , in it the submission is to the queen not to GOD and the democracy she claims that she is applying on her own people is a fake one .
The people are more like the queen's slaves than like her citizens.
I wrote down some observations on the tow systems through out the verses and I would like to mention it to you for tow reasons :
· First : so you can listen to and think of the words of the Qur'an when
it is being read or heard .
· Second : To believe that Islam is against dictatorship and slaving people
and it is against any ruling that is not based on the essence of
"showra" as the Qur'an ordered .
Dear brothers and sisters ; we will start with the ruling of " SOLOMON" .
The First Observation:
In the Islamic system , the freedom of the individual is guaranteed. He/She will speak their minds with no fear of being arrested or prosecuted and the whole ruling system is connected with GOD . TO GOD is the submission not to the ruler .
The bird "the hoopoe" said : ((I have grasped knowledge of a thing which you have not grasped and I have come to you from Saba' with true news )).
This shows us the clear believe and trust in GOD's power from the bird side . Besides it is a GOD's soldier got angry because it saw a woman misleading her people and her nation . ((I found a woman ruling over them she has been given all things that could be possessed by any ruler of the earth and she has a great throne I found her and her people worshipping the sun instead of ALLAH and Satan has made their deeds fair - seeming to them, and has barred them from Allah's Way so they have no guidance .so they do not worship ALLAH who brings to light what is hidden in the heavens and the earth , and knows what you conceal and what you reveal. ALLAH none has the right to be worshipped but him ; the Lord of the Supreme Throne! )) .
Also this is what we found from the history of the companions .
"Abu Baker" said the day he was elected to become "khalifah" : ( obey and follow me as long as I am obeying and following GOD's rules ).
Another example of the individual freedom from the days of the companions . A lady ones objected on something "OMAR" said or done in the Mosque . What he did ? he did not jail or terrorize her , instead he admitted that he was wrong and she was right .
The examples are plenty from the days of the companion . People were not jailed or prosecuted without reason or guilt . they did not torture or kill who opposed . The way it is been done by the Islamic regimes these days .
The second Observation :
SOLOMON a quite and a reasoned ruler did not believe the messenger , rightaway he investigated first ((he said we shall see whether you speak the truth or you are of the liars))
The Third Observation :
"SOLOMON" does not accept bribery or bargain with his believers , because ruling is based on following and serving GOD's words and religion not serving the ruler's pockets or accounts . (( what ALLAH has given me is better than that which He has given you !Nay you rejoice in your gift )).
SOLOMON returned their gifts and threatened to use force against them if they did not rule by the GOD's rules .
Dear brothers and sisters , now I will talk about my observations regarding the ruling aggression and dictatorship.
The first observation :
We see a woman that owns the throne , the people , and the money . GOD
briefed her when he said : (( I found a woman ruling over them)) and he did not say rule them , she acts and rules as she pleases because she is the queen and the owner.
· The second observation :
The submission and the obedience is to the queen not to the system or
GOD . She misled herself and her people ((I found her and her people worshipping the sun instead of ALLAH and Satan has made their deeds fair - seeming to them, and has barred them from Allah's Way so they have no guidance )) . I am amazed how they don't bow to the creator.
· The third observation :
The queen's government and her immediate people are slaves between her hands . Individuals with no character or pride or self steam , hand picked by the queen to be her surrounding cushion .after they offered their fake power to be her slaves , taking orders and agreeing with everything she says
((They said : we have great strength and great ability for war but it is for you to command ; so think over what you will command))
This is exactly similar to what is happening these days with our own governments ,, the people in the governments are like small in front of
the ruler and strong and aggressors on their own people .
Queen " Balqies" stopped the debate with her government and decided to send the gift and the bride to "SOLOMON" . No body from her government did object or disagree with her decision , why ? because she owns them and they don't have any power over her.
· The forth observation :
The gift : Dictatorship system is based on money and bribery , so it is not surprising to find out that most employees in this kind of a system accept money no matter what is their rank because money is their goal in life and it is more precious than their own believes and country .
Based on that queen "Balqies" though she can influence and buy "Solomon" with money and gifts.
· The fifth observation :
· "Solomon" refused the gift and he invited them to Islam . "Balqies" system and regime collapsed very quickly when "Solomon" threatened then with destruction because her system and ruling was based on and carried by material wealth and slaving her own people . This kind of a system is always powerful on the individual and weak in front of the crowd . exactly what is happening now in the Middle East.
AND ASALAM ALAYKUM WRAHMATU ALLAH
By Moustafa kattih
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